Population Distribution, 1851-1961

Source: Summary of Population Growth 1851-61, Historical Atlas of Canada Online Learning Project

Modern Geography Reference Layers



Area Units:

Areas shown represent provinces/territories/colonies, and within these, census divisions and selected cities are shown. Within these, settled area (ecumene) is coloured to show where continuous settlement occurred.

Data Units:

Population by census division is shown by dots, each representing 300 people.

Note: First nations people were under-enumerated in all the early censuses, especially in the West. The distribution of native people is better represented using other data sources in the section National Perspectives -> Native Canada.


Population Distribution:

Dots represent the number of people residing in a given census division or selected city in a given year, where one dot represents 300 people. The dots are placed randomly within the settled area of a given census division or selected city, and are not meant to represent the exact location of individuals.

Cities selected had a population of more than 20 000 people in 1961, and first appear as separate from the surrounding census division when their population became greater than 10 000. Note that when a city is shown as a separate area from its surrounding census division, the population of that city is not included in the census division population.

Data File Download: Population_by_CDs_1851_1961.xls


Population Distribution

Dots are positioned within the settled area of each Census Division